Hekirichi Jinya

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Castle Properties
English Name Hekirichi Jinya
Japanese Name 戸切地陣屋
Alternate Names Matsumae Han Hekirichi Jinya, Kamiiso Kiyokawa Jinya
Founder Matsumae Takahiro
Year Founded 1855
Castle Type Flatland
Castle Condition Ruins only
Designations National Historic Site
Historical Period Edo Period
Main Keep Structure earthen walls, dry moat, building foundation stones and outlines, 2 reconstructed gates


Features gates, trenches
Visitor Information
Access 10 mins. by taxi from JR Kiyokawa Station
Visitor Information
Time Required
Website http://www.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/sr/sky/homepage/midori/midori-homepage/tunnel/tunnel 02/10-01.htm
Location Hokuto, Hokkaido
Coordinates 41° 51' 15", 140° 37' 8"
Admin Visits
Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Visits Viewer Donated
Added 2011
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Hekirichi2.jpg


History

Hekirichi Jinya is located in the town of Hokuto, at an elevation of 70 meters up a gentle slope overlooking Hakodate Bay. It has four pointed bastions, but only the eastern bastion facing the bay is fully developed with 6 cannon ports. The two to three meter high earthen walls and surrounding three meter deep dry moat are well preserved and maintained, and the wooden front and rear gates have been reconstructed. Inside the fort, the foundations of the various wooden buildings that existed are clearly marked and identified (Japanese only). These included barracks, stables, bathhouse, kitchen, armory, granary and other structures that accommodated over 122 soldiers, officers and officials.

In 1854, the Tokugawa government ordered Matsumae Takahiro, the lord of the Matsumae domain, to build a fortification that would help protect his eastern border from foreign invasion. That never occurred, but in 1868, during the Boshin War, as a force belonging to the Ezo Republic approached, the Matsumae “defenders” set the wooden structures within on fire and abandoned the fort. Hekirichi Jinya was designated a National Historic Site in 1985. Today it is locally famous for its cherry blossoms, but deserves more attention than it has received for its architectural significance.

Visit Notes

It is generally accepted that the Goryokaku fort in Hakodate, Hokkaido, is the oldest Western-style star-shaped fort in Japan. However, the Hekirichi Jinya, located about 8 miles to the northeast, was completed in 1855, two years before construction on Goryokaku began.

All text and photos donated by RonS.



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