Ikoma Chikamasa, the lord of the Sanuki area originally ruled from Takamatsu Castle. While there, he built and moved to Marugame Castle placing his son in charge of Takamatsu Castle. Marugame Castle was decomissioned as part of the one castle per country law in 1615.
Marugame Castle was resurrected in 1641 when Yamazaki Ieharu was granted the small fief of Western Sanuki. He rebuilt the castle into what we see today and developed the surrounding castle town of Marugame.
This is an amazing castle. I spent much more time here than I had anticipated. I don't think I've seen any book or website that really does justice to the size of this castle nor the magnificent stone walls. One of the great things about Marugame Castle is how close you can get to all of the walls. If you think about the big Edo Period castles like Edo, Osaka, Nagoya, etc their great stone walls are across a moat so you can't physically get right up next to most of them to be really awed by their scale. The main keep at the top is the smallest in Japan, but when you have such a commanding view from the only mountain in sight, you don't need a big keep.
|English Name||Marugame Castle|
|Alternate Names||Kameyama-jo, Horai-jo|
|Castle Condition||Original main keep|
|Designations||Top 100 Castles, has Important Cultural Properties, National Historic Site|
|Historical Period||Edo Period|
|Main Keep Structure||3 levels, 3 stories|
|Artifacts||tenshu, Ote Ichinomon, Ote Ninomon|
|Features||main keep, gates, turrets, water moats, stone walls, walls|
|Access||Marugame Sta. (Yosan Line), 10 minute walk|
|Visitor Information||Main Keep open 9:00-16:30; 200yen|
|Time Required||150 mins|
|Location||Marugame, Kagawa Prefecture|
|Coordinates||34° 17' 9.89" N, 133° 48' 1.55" E|
|Visits||February 28, 2016|
|Added to Jcastle||2005|