Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arato Castle
  8. Arayama Castle
  9. Arikoyama Castle
  10. Asaba Castle
  11. Asahi Castle
  12. Ashigara Castle
  13. Asuke Castle
  14. Aya Castle
  15. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  16. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  17. Chihaya Castle
  18. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  19. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  20. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  21. Echizen Ohno Castle
  22. Funaoka Castle
  23. Funaokayama Castle
  24. Funayama Castle
  25. Futamata Castle
  26. Futoge Castle
  27. Ganjaku Castle
  28. Gassan Toda Castle
  29. Gifu Castle
  30. Gobara Castle
  31. Gokan Castle
  32. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  33. Hachikenchōja Castle
  34. Hachioji Castle
  35. Haga Castle
  36. Hagikura Fort
  37. Haibara Castle
  38. Hakusan Castle
  39. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  40. Hamada Castle
  41. Hanazono Castle
  42. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  43. Hasedo Castle
  44. Hatayama Castle
  45. Hayaotoshi Castle
  46. Hayashikojo Castle
  47. Hayashiohjo Castle
  48. Hida Kojima Castle
  49. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  50. Hirase Castle
  51. Hisawa Castle
  52. Hyakusaiji Castle
  53. Ibuka Castle
  54. Ichijodani Castle
  55. Ichinomiya Castle
  56. Inaniwa Castle
  57. Inukai Castle
  58. Ioyama Castle
  59. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  60. Isobe Castle
  61. Iwabitsu Castle
  62. Iwadono Castle
  63. Iwakuni Castle
  64. Iwamura Castle
  65. Iwaseyama Castle
  66. Iwaya Castle
  67. Jofukuji Castle
  68. Kakunodate Castle
  69. Kamitohno Castle
  70. Kanaiyama Castle
  71. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  72. Kanayama Castle
  73. Kanegasaki Castle
  74. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  75. Kannonji Castle
  76. Karakai Castle
  77. Karasawayama Castle
  78. Karasuyama Castle
  79. Kasama Castle
  80. Kasane Castle
  81. Kaseyama Castle
  82. Kasugayama Castle
  83. Kasumi Castle
  84. Katsunuma Castle
  85. Katsuren Castle
  86. Kawamura Castle
  87. Kawanoe Castle
  88. Kazurayama Castle
  89. Kikuchi Castle
  90. Kinojo
  91. Kirihara Castle
  92. Koka-Aoki Castle
  93. Komaki Castle
  94. Konomine Castle
  95. Konosumiyama Castle
  96. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  97. Koshigoe Castle
  98. Kuma Castle
  99. Kurobane Castle
  100. Kururi Castle
  101. Kuwabara Castle
  102. Kuwagatahara Fort
  103. Magome Castle
  104. Mariko Castle
  105. Masugatayama Castle
  106. Matsuida Castle
  107. Matsukura Castle
  108. Matsuo Castle
  109. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  110. Miharu Castle
  111. Minagawa Castle
  112. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  113. Miyahara Castle
  114. Mizuban Castle
  115. Moriyama Castle
  116. Motosu Castle
  117. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  118. Mumo Castle
  119. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  120. Mutsu Obama Castle
  121. Myogi Castle
  122. Nabekura Castle
  123. Naegi Castle
  124. Nagabayashi Fort
  125. Nagakubo Castle
  126. Nagurumi Castle
  127. Nakagusuku Castle
  128. Nakijin Castle
  129. Nanao Castle
  130. Narisawa Castle
  131. Nata Castle
  132. Nihonmatsu Castle
  133. Niitakayama Castle
  134. Nirayama Castle
  135. Nishikata Castle
  136. Nochiseyama Castle
  137. Numata Castle
  138. Obiki Castle
  139. Odani Castle
  140. Oeda Castle
  141. Ogimachi Castle
  142. Ogoe Castle
  143. Ogura Castle
  144. Ohikemurayama Castle
  145. Oka Castle
  146. Oko Castle
  147. Omori Castle
  148. Oniba Castle
  149. Ono Castle
  150. Oogo Castle
  151. Ori Castle
  152. Owari Asahi Castle
  153. Rikan Castle
  154. Ryusenji Castle
  155. Saimyoji Castle
  156. Sanadahonjo Castle
  157. Sannohe Castle
  158. Sasao Castle
  159. Sashiki Castle
  160. Sekidosan Castle
  161. Sendai Castle
  162. Shigiyama Castle
  163. Shimotsui Castle
  164. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  165. Shiratori Castle
  166. Shishiku Castle
  167. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  168. Suwa Kami Castle
  169. Suwa Sakura Castle
  170. Suwa Shimo Castle
  171. Suwahara Castle
  172. Tage Castle
  173. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  174. Takaharasuwa Castle
  175. Takane Castle
  176. Takao Castle
  177. Takatenjin Castle
  178. Takatome Castle
  179. Takatori Castle
  180. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  181. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  182. Takeda Castle
  183. Takei Castle
  184. Taki Castle
  185. Takiyama Castle
  186. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  187. Tatsuno Castle
  188. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  189. Tenpaku Castle
  190. Tobayama Castle
  191. Toishi Castle
  192. Tokiwa Castle
  193. Tokura Castle
  194. Torigoe Castle
  195. Tottori Castle
  196. Tsukui Castle
  197. Tsumagi Castle
  198. Tsumago Castle
  199. Tsuneyama Castle
  200. Tsuwano Castle
  201. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  202. Uehara Castle
  203. Ueshi Castle
  204. Washio Castle
  205. Yagi Castle
  206. Yamabe Castle
  207. Yamabukiko Castle
  208. Yamabukioh Castle
  209. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  210. Yamanaka Castle
  211. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  212. Yamazaki Castle
  213. Yashima Castle
  214. Yato Castle
  215. Yogaisan Castle
  216. Yokoyairi Fort
  217. Yokoyama Castle
  218. Yumurayama Castle
  219. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  220. Yuzawa Castle
  221. Yuzuki Castle
  222. Zakimi Castle
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