Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arashi Castle
  8. Arato Castle
  9. Arayama Castle
  10. Arikoyama Castle
  11. Aruga Castle
  12. Asaba Castle
  13. Asahi Castle
  14. Ashigara Castle
  15. Asuke Castle
  16. Aya Castle
  17. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  18. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  19. Azumi Ogiwara Castle
  20. Azumi Ogura Castle
  21. Azumi Oshino Castle
  22. Azumi Taya Castle
  23. Bingo Kouyama Castle
  24. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  25. Chausudate
  26. Chihaya Castle
  27. Chikuma Chausuyama Castle
  28. Chikuma Koya Castle
  29. Chikuma Motoyama Castle
  30. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  31. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  32. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  33. Chikuma Tazawa Castle
  34. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  35. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  36. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  37. Echizen Ohno Castle
  38. Egawa Fort
  39. Funaoka Castle
  40. Funaokayama Castle
  41. Funayama Castle
  42. Futamata Castle
  43. Futoge Castle
  44. Futoh'yama Castle
  45. Ganjaku Castle
  46. Gassan Toda Castle
  47. Gifu Castle
  48. Gobara Castle
  49. Gokan Castle
  50. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  51. Hachikenchōja Castle
  52. Hachioji Castle
  53. Haga Castle
  54. Hagikura Fort
  55. Haibara Castle
  56. Hakusan Castle
  57. Hamada Castle
  58. Hanazono Castle
  59. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  60. Hanishina Terao Castle
  61. Harima Hakusan Castle
  62. Hasedo Castle
  63. Hatayama Castle
  64. Hatsuzawa Castle
  65. Hayaotoshi Castle
  66. Hayashikojo Castle
  67. Hayashiohjo Castle
  68. Hida Kojima Castle
  69. Hikaru Castle
  70. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  71. Hirase Castle
  72. Hirase Kitano Castle
  73. Hisawa Castle
  74. Hishakuyama Castle
  75. Hitachi Yamagata Castle
  76. Hiyama Castle
  77. Houshouji Fort
  78. Hyakusaiji Castle
  79. Ibuka Castle
  80. Ichijodani Castle
  81. Ichinomiya Castle
  82. Iinawa Castle
  83. Ina Konishi Castle
  84. Ina Korin Castle
  85. Ina Nagayama Castle
  86. Ina Ryuugasaki Castle
  87. Ina Wada Castle
  88. Inaniwa Castle
  89. Inukai Castle
  90. Ioyama Castle
  91. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  92. Isobe Castle
  93. Iwabitsu Castle
  94. Iwadono Castle
  95. Iwakiri Castle
  96. Iwakuni Castle
  97. Iwamura Castle
  98. Iwaseyama Castle
  99. Iwaya Castle
  100. Izu Moriyama Castle
  101. Izu Ohdairashin Castle
  102. Jofukuji Castle
  103. Kaesa Castle
  104. Kakunodate Castle
  105. Kamagatake Castle
  106. Kamitohno Castle
  107. Kamogatake Castle
  108. Kanaiyama Castle
  109. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  110. Kanayama Castle
  111. Kanegasaki Castle
  112. Kannonji Castle
  113. Karakai Castle
  114. Karasaki Castle
  115. Karasawayama Castle
  116. Karasuyama Castle
  117. Kasama Castle
  118. Kasane Castle
  119. Kaseyama Castle
  120. Kasugayama Castle
  121. Kasumi Castle
  122. Katsunuma Castle
  123. Katsuren Castle
  124. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  125. Kawamura Castle
  126. Kawanoe Castle
  127. Kazurayama Castle
  128. Kikuchi Castle
  129. Kinojo
  130. Kirihara Castle
  131. Kiso Fukushima Castle
  132. Kiso Komaruyama Castle
  133. Koiwatake Castle
  134. Komaki Castle
  135. Konomine Castle
  136. Konosumiyama Castle
  137. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  138. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  139. Koshigoe Castle
  140. Kouka Aoki Castle
  141. Kouzuke Niiya Castle
  142. Kouzuke Warabi Castle
  143. Kuma Castle
  144. Kurobane Castle
  145. Kuroi Castle
  146. Kururi Castle
  147. Kuwabara Castle
  148. Kuwagatahara Fort
  149. Magome Castle
  150. Manago Castle
  151. Mariko Castle
  152. Marune Fort
  153. Masugatayama Castle
  154. Matsudaira Castle
  155. Matsuida Castle
  156. Matsukura Castle
  157. Matsuo Castle
  158. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  159. Meiseireijin Fort
  160. Michibayashi Fort
  161. Miharu Castle
  162. Minagawa Castle
  163. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  164. Minami Majino Castle
  165. Minochi Masugata Castle
  166. Miyahara Castle
  167. Mizuban Castle
  168. Moriyama Castle
  169. Motosu Castle
  170. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  171. Mumo Castle
  172. Murakami Hime Castle
  173. Murakami Iwasaki Castle
  174. Murakami Kamei Castle
  175. Murakami Katsurao Castle
  176. Murakami Kemurino Castle
  177. Murakami Kokuzousan Castle
  178. Murakami Monomi Castle
  179. Murakami Takatsuya Castle
  180. Murakami Torikoya Castle
  181. Murakami Tsumi Castle
  182. Murakami Wagou Castle
  183. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  184. Musashi Tenjin'yama Castle
  185. Mutsu Kaneyama Castle
  186. Mutsu Obama Castle
  187. Myougi Castle
  188. Nabekura Castle
  189. Naegi Castle
  190. Nagabayashi Fort
  191. Nagakubo Castle
  192. Nagato Aoyama Castle
  193. Nagato Katsuyama Castle
  194. Nagato Kouyama Castle
  195. Nagaune Fort
  196. Nagurumi Castle
  197. Nakagusuku Castle
  198. Nakatou Castle
  199. Nakijin Castle
  200. Nanao Castle
  201. Narisawa Castle
  202. Nata Castle
  203. Negoya Castle
  204. Nihonmatsu Castle
  205. Niitakayama Castle
  206. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  207. Nirayama Castle
  208. Nishijou Castle
  209. Nishikata Castle
  210. Nochiseyama Castle
  211. Numata Castle
  212. Obiki Castle
  213. Odani Castle
  214. Ogimachi Castle
  215. Ogoe Castle
  216. Ogura Castle
  217. Ogyu Castle
  218. Oh'eda Castle
  219. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  220. Ohdate
  221. Ohga Castle
  222. Ohmine Castle
  223. Ohmori Castle
  224. Oka Castle
  225. Oko Castle
  226. Omi Castle
  227. Omifuru Castle
  228. Oniba Castle
  229. Ono Castle
  230. Oogo Castle
  231. Ori Castle
  232. Owari Asahi Castle
  233. Rikan Castle
  234. Ryuusenji Castle
  235. Saimyouji Castle
  236. Sakurasawa Fort
  237. Sanada Chifuruya Castle
  238. Sanada Isezaki Castle
  239. Sanada Negoya Castle
  240. Sanada Seba Castle
  241. Sanada Yazawa Castle
  242. Sanada Yazawashi Castle
  243. Sanadahonjo Castle
  244. Sannohe Castle
  245. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  246. Sasao Castle
  247. Sashiki Castle
  248. Sasou Castle
  249. Sawayama Castle
  250. Sekidousan Castle
  251. Sendai Castle
  252. Shigiyama Castle
  253. Shimotsui Castle
  254. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  255. Shioda Castle
  256. Shiozaki Castle
  257. Shiozakishin Castle
  258. Shirasawa Fort
  259. Shiratori Castle
  260. Shishiku Castle
  261. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  262. Suou Nagayama Castle
  263. Suwa Imori Castle
  264. Suwa Kami Castle
  265. Suwa Osaka Castle
  266. Suwa Owa Castle
  267. Suwa Sakura Castle
  268. Suwa Shimo Castle
  269. Suwa Takagi Castle
  270. Suwa Takei Castle
  271. Suwahara Castle
  272. Tage Castle
  273. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  274. Takaharasuwa Castle
  275. Takahata Castle
  276. Takai Hakoyama Castle
  277. Takane Castle
  278. Takao Castle
  279. Takatenjin Castle
  280. Takatome Castle
  281. Takatori Castle
  282. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  283. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  284. Takeda Castle
  285. Takei Castle
  286. Taki Castle
  287. Takiyama Castle
  288. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  289. Tatsuno Castle
  290. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  291. Tenpaku Castle
  292. Terao Chausuyama Castle
  293. Terao Naka Castle
  294. Teshiro Castle
  295. Teusuyama Fort
  296. Tobayama Castle
  297. Toishi Castle
  298. Toishi Iizuna Castle
  299. Tokiwa Castle
  300. Tokura Castle
  301. Torigoe Castle
  302. Tottori Castle
  303. Tounohara Castle
  304. Tsukui Castle
  305. Tsumagi Castle
  306. Tsumago Castle
  307. Tsuneyama Castle
  308. Tsuwano Castle
  309. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  310. Uehara Castle
  311. Uenodan Castle
  312. Uenoyama Castle
  313. Ueshi Castle
  314. Wakimoto Castle
  315. Washio Castle
  316. Washizu Fort
  317. Yagi Castle
  318. Yahatayama Fort
  319. Yamabe Castle
  320. Yamabukiko Castle
  321. Yamabukioh Castle
  322. Yamabukiyama Noroshidai
  323. Yamana Castle
  324. Yamanaka Castle
  325. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  326. Yamazaki Castle
  327. Yashima Castle
  328. Yashiro Castle
  329. Yato Castle
  330. Yogaisan Castle
  331. Yokoyairi Fort
  332. Yokoyama Castle
  333. Yumurayama Castle
  334. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  335. Yuzawa Castle
  336. Yuzuki Castle
  337. Zakimi Castle
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