Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arato Castle
  8. Arayama Castle
  9. Arikoyama Castle
  10. Asaba Castle
  11. Asahi Castle
  12. Ashigara Castle
  13. Asuke Castle
  14. Aya Castle
  15. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  16. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  17. Chihaya Castle
  18. Echizen Ohno Castle
  19. Funaoka Castle
  20. Funayama Castle
  21. Futamata Castle
  22. Futoge Castle
  23. Ganjaku Castle
  24. Gassan Toda Castle
  25. Gifu Castle
  26. Gobara Castle
  27. Gokan Castle
  28. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  29. Hachioji Castle
  30. Haga Castle
  31. Haibara Castle
  32. Hakusan Castle
  33. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  34. Hamada Castle
  35. Hanazono Castle
  36. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  37. Hasedo Castle
  38. Hayashikojo Castle
  39. Hayashiohjo Castle
  40. Hida Kojima Castle
  41. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  42. Hyakusaiji Castle
  43. Ichijodani Castle
  44. Ichinomiya Castle
  45. Inaniwa Castle
  46. Inukai Castle
  47. Ioyama Castle
  48. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  49. Isobe Castle
  50. Iwabitsu Castle
  51. Iwadono Castle
  52. Iwakuni Castle
  53. Iwamura Castle
  54. Iwaseyama Castle
  55. Iwaya Castle
  56. Jofukuji Castle
  57. Kakunodate Castle
  58. Kamitohno Castle
  59. Kanaiyama Castle
  60. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  61. Kanayama Castle
  62. Kanegasaki Castle
  63. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  64. Kannonji Castle
  65. Karakai Castle
  66. Karasawayama Castle
  67. Karasuyama Castle
  68. Kasama Castle
  69. Kasane Castle
  70. Kaseyama Castle
  71. Kasugayama Castle
  72. Kasumi Castle
  73. Katsunuma Castle
  74. Katsuren Castle
  75. Kawamura Castle
  76. Kawanoe Castle
  77. Kazurayama Castle
  78. Kikuchi Castle
  79. Kinojo
  80. Kirihara Castle
  81. Koka-Aoki Castle
  82. Komaki Castle
  83. Konomine Castle
  84. Konosumiyama Castle
  85. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  86. Koshigoe Castle
  87. Kuma Castle
  88. Kurobane Castle
  89. Kururi Castle
  90. Kuwabara Castle
  91. Magome Castle
  92. Mariko Castle
  93. Masugatayama Castle
  94. Matsuida Castle
  95. Matsukura Castle
  96. Matsuo Castle
  97. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  98. Miharu Castle
  99. Minagawa Castle
  100. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  101. Moriyama Castle
  102. Motosu Castle
  103. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  104. Mumo Castle
  105. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  106. Mutsu Obama Castle
  107. Myogi Castle
  108. Nabekura Castle
  109. Naegi Castle
  110. Nagakubo Castle
  111. Nagurumi Castle
  112. Nakagusuku Castle
  113. Nakijin Castle
  114. Nanao Castle
  115. Narisawa Castle
  116. Nata Castle
  117. Nihonmatsu Castle
  118. Niitakayama Castle
  119. Nirayama Castle
  120. Nishikata Castle
  121. Nochiseyama Castle
  122. Numata Castle
  123. Obiki Castle
  124. Odani Castle
  125. Oeda Castle
  126. Ogimachi Castle
  127. Ogoe Castle
  128. Ogura Castle
  129. Oka Castle
  130. Oko Castle
  131. Omori Castle
  132. Ono Castle
  133. Oogo Castle
  134. Ori Castle
  135. Owari Asahi Castle
  136. Rikan Castle
  137. Ryusenji Castle
  138. Saimyoji Castle
  139. Sanadahonjo Castle
  140. Sannohe Castle
  141. Sasao Castle
  142. Sashiki Castle
  143. Sekidosan Castle
  144. Sendai Castle
  145. Shigiyama Castle
  146. Shimotsui Castle
  147. Shiratori Castle
  148. Shishiku Castle
  149. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  150. Suwahara Castle
  151. Tage Castle
  152. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  153. Takaharasuwa Castle
  154. Takane Castle
  155. Takao Castle
  156. Takatenjin Castle
  157. Takatome Castle
  158. Takatori Castle
  159. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  160. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  161. Takeda Castle
  162. Takei Castle
  163. Taki Castle
  164. Takiyama Castle
  165. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  166. Tatsuno Castle
  167. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  168. Tenpaku Castle
  169. Tobayama Castle
  170. Toishi Castle
  171. Tokiwa Castle
  172. Tokura Castle
  173. Torigoe Castle
  174. Tottori Castle
  175. Tsukui Castle
  176. Tsumagi Castle
  177. Tsumago Castle
  178. Tsuneyama Castle
  179. Tsuwano Castle
  180. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  181. Uehara Castle
  182. Ueshi Castle
  183. Washio Castle
  184. Yagi Castle
  185. Yamabe Castle
  186. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  187. Yamanaka Castle
  188. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  189. Yamazaki Castle
  190. Yashima Castle
  191. Yato Castle
  192. Yogaisan Castle
  193. Yokoyama Castle
  194. Yumurayama Castle
  195. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  196. Yuzawa Castle
  197. Yuzuki Castle
  198. Zakimi Castle
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