Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles

  1. Aizu Odayama Castle
  2. Akozu Castle
  3. Akutagawasan Castle
  4. Amagajo
  5. Aoyagi Castle
  6. Aoyama Castle
  7. Arashi Castle
  8. Arato Castle
  9. Arayama Castle
  10. Arikoyama Castle
  11. Aruga Castle
  12. Asaba Castle
  13. Asahi Castle
  14. Ashigara Castle
  15. Asuke Castle
  16. Aya Castle
  17. Azumi Nishimaki Castle
  18. Azumi Nishiyama Castle
  19. Azumi Taya Castle
  20. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  21. Chihaya Castle
  22. Chikuma Osaka Castle
  23. Chikuma Takayama Castle
  24. Chikuma Takeda Castle
  25. Chikuma Ueda Castle
  26. Chikuma Uenoyama Castle
  27. Chikuzen Fukutake Castle
  28. Echizen Ohno Castle
  29. Funaoka Castle
  30. Funaokayama Castle
  31. Funayama Castle
  32. Futamata Castle
  33. Futoge Castle
  34. Futohyama Castle
  35. Ganjaku Castle
  36. Gassan Toda Castle
  37. Gifu Castle
  38. Gobara Castle
  39. Gokan Castle
  40. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  41. Hachikenchōja Castle
  42. Hachioji Castle
  43. Haga Castle
  44. Hagikura Fort
  45. Haibara Castle
  46. Hakusan Castle
  47. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  48. Hamada Castle
  49. Hanazono Castle
  50. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  51. Hanishina Terao Castle
  52. Hasedo Castle
  53. Hatayama Castle
  54. Hatsuzawa Castle
  55. Hayaotoshi Castle
  56. Hayashikojo Castle
  57. Hayashiohjo Castle
  58. Hida Kojima Castle
  59. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  60. Hirase Castle
  61. Hisawa Castle
  62. Hyakusaiji Castle
  63. Ibuka Castle
  64. Ichijodani Castle
  65. Ichinomiya Castle
  66. Iinawa Castle
  67. Ina Korin Castle
  68. Inaniwa Castle
  69. Inukai Castle
  70. Ioyama Castle
  71. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  72. Isobe Castle
  73. Iwabitsu Castle
  74. Iwadono Castle
  75. Iwakuni Castle
  76. Iwamura Castle
  77. Iwaseyama Castle
  78. Iwaya Castle
  79. Jofukuji Castle
  80. Kakunodate Castle
  81. Kamitohno Castle
  82. Kanaiyama Castle
  83. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  84. Kanayama Castle
  85. Kanegasaki Castle
  86. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  87. Kannonji Castle
  88. Karakai Castle
  89. Karasawayama Castle
  90. Karasuyama Castle
  91. Kasama Castle
  92. Kasane Castle
  93. Kaseyama Castle
  94. Kasugayama Castle
  95. Kasumi Castle
  96. Katsunuma Castle
  97. Katsuren Castle
  98. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  99. Kawamura Castle
  100. Kawanoe Castle
  101. Kazurayama Castle
  102. Kikuchi Castle
  103. Kinojo
  104. Kirihara Castle
  105. Koiwatake Castle
  106. Koka-Aoki Castle
  107. Komaki Castle
  108. Konomine Castle
  109. Konosumiyama Castle
  110. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  111. Koshigoe Castle
  112. Kuma Castle
  113. Kurobane Castle
  114. Kuroi Castle
  115. Kururi Castle
  116. Kuwabara Castle
  117. Kuwagatahara Fort
  118. Magome Castle
  119. Manago Castle
  120. Mariko Castle
  121. Masugatayama Castle
  122. Matsuida Castle
  123. Matsukura Castle
  124. Matsuo Castle
  125. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  126. Miharu Castle
  127. Minagawa Castle
  128. Minakuchi-Okayama Castle
  129. Minami Majino Castle
  130. Minochi Masugata Castle
  131. Miyahara Castle
  132. Mizuban Castle
  133. Moriyama Castle
  134. Motosu Castle
  135. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  136. Mumo Castle
  137. Musashi Masugatayama Castle
  138. Mutsu Obama Castle
  139. Myogi Castle
  140. Nabekura Castle
  141. Naegi Castle
  142. Nagabayashi Fort
  143. Nagakubo Castle
  144. Nagurumi Castle
  145. Nakagusuku Castle
  146. Nakatou Castle
  147. Nakijin Castle
  148. Nanao Castle
  149. Narisawa Castle
  150. Nata Castle
  151. Nihonmatsu Castle
  152. Niitakayama Castle
  153. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  154. Nirayama Castle
  155. Nishijo Castle
  156. Nishikata Castle
  157. Nochiseyama Castle
  158. Numata Castle
  159. Obiki Castle
  160. Odani Castle
  161. Oeda Castle
  162. Ogimachi Castle
  163. Ogoe Castle
  164. Ogura Castle
  165. Ohikemurayama Castle
  166. Ohmine Castle
  167. Oka Castle
  168. Oko Castle
  169. Omori Castle
  170. Oniba Castle
  171. Ono Castle
  172. Oogo Castle
  173. Ori Castle
  174. Owari Asahi Castle
  175. Rikan Castle
  176. Ryusenji Castle
  177. Saimyoji Castle
  178. Sanadahonjo Castle
  179. Sannohe Castle
  180. Sarashina Osaka Castle
  181. Sasao Castle
  182. Sashiki Castle
  183. Sasou Castle
  184. Sawayama Castle
  185. Sekidosan Castle
  186. Sendai Castle
  187. Shigiyama Castle
  188. Shimotsui Castle
  189. Shinano Chausuyama Castle
  190. Shiozaki Castle
  191. Shiozakishin Castle
  192. Shiratori Castle
  193. Shishiku Castle
  194. Sukegawakaibou Castle
  195. Suwa Imori Castle
  196. Suwa Kami Castle
  197. Suwa Osaka Castle
  198. Suwa Owa Castle
  199. Suwa Sakura Castle
  200. Suwa Shimo Castle
  201. Suwa Takagi Castle
  202. Suwa Takei Castle
  203. Suwahara Castle
  204. Tage Castle
  205. Takada Castle (Okayama)
  206. Takaharasuwa Castle
  207. Takane Castle
  208. Takao Castle
  209. Takatenjin Castle
  210. Takatome Castle
  211. Takatori Castle
  212. Takatsuki Castle (Tokyo)
  213. Takayama Castle (Hiroshima)
  214. Takeda Castle
  215. Takei Castle
  216. Taki Castle
  217. Takiyama Castle
  218. Tateyama Castle (Yamagata)
  219. Tatsuno Castle
  220. Tenjinyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  221. Tenpaku Castle
  222. Tobayama Castle
  223. Toishi Castle
  224. Tokiwa Castle
  225. Tokura Castle
  226. Torigoe Castle
  227. Tottori Castle
  228. Tsukui Castle
  229. Tsumagi Castle
  230. Tsumago Castle
  231. Tsuneyama Castle
  232. Tsuwano Castle
  233. Uda Matsuyama Castle
  234. Uehara Castle
  235. Ueshi Castle
  236. Washio Castle
  237. Yagi Castle
  238. Yamabe Castle
  239. Yamabukiko Castle
  240. Yamabukioh Castle
  241. Yamagata Castle (Hitachi)
  242. Yamanaka Castle
  243. Yamato Koriyama Castle
  244. Yamazaki Castle
  245. Yashima Castle
  246. Yato Castle
  247. Yogaisan Castle
  248. Yokoyairi Fort
  249. Yokoyama Castle
  250. Yumurayama Castle
  251. Yunagaya Jin'ya
  252. Yuzawa Castle
  253. Yuzuki Castle
  254. Zakimi Castle
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