Suganuma Motonari built this castle at the confluence of the Ure River and Kansa River. These 2 rivers provided natural barriers for the castle. The Suganuma were retainers of the Takeda but the castle was taken over by forces loyal to Tokugawa. In 1585, when Okudaira Sadamasa was lord of the castle, it once again came under attack and was surrounded by Takeda Katsuyori's forces. It was saved by a combined force of allies to Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu. This Battle of Nagashino has became famous as the first modern Japanese battle. Oda's forces used a number of wooden stockades to blunt the Takeda cavalry charges while troops of gunners in alternating lines continuously fired volleys on them from behind the stockades. This was the first battle to show the utility of guns if properly employed and was a step away from tradition hand to hand combat.
There are very few castle remains here, but the small museum is nice with many artifacts. While the Battle of Nagashino was an historically important battle, I do not think that alone should qualify this castle to be in the top 100 given the relatively few remains. There are many better castles that have been overlooked. There is also an historical walking trail around the town but from what I saw of the section I walked there were simply signs along the roadside or in residential areas indicating where samurai homes, gates, and castle sections were. You can easily stop here on your way back to Toyohashi from Takane Castle too.
|English Name||Nagashino Castle|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Designations||Top 100 Castles, National Historic Site|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Access||Nagashinojo Sta. (Iida line); 8 min walk|
|Location||Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture|
|Coordinates||34° 55' 23", 137° 33' 35"|
|Visits||October 16, 2009|