The Shimosaka-yakata was built in the Muromachi Period as the fortified manor house of the Shimosaka Clan who were the head clan governing Shimosaka Village in Sakata District. The Shimosaka Clan were militarily active throughout northern Ōmi Province throughout the Nanbokuchō and Sengoku Periods, serving both the Kyōgoku and Asai Clans (though presumably a different times).
The main building (Omoya) which stands today dates to the late 18th century, but it is considered to be a faithful reconstruction of the original lord's hall from the Sengoku Period. This is so also for the Omotemon (front gate). This has led to the site being hailed as the only kyokan site with its architecture retained from the Sengoku Period.
Yakata refers to a medieval fortified manor house. Shimosaka-yakata is exceedingly precious because it contains faithful Edo Period reconstructions of the original Sengoku Period structures. I had initially come at the beginning of last month but it wasn't open at that time. It's now open to the public on weekends. I was able to enter the omoya (main residence) and get a good look at the dorui (earthen ramparts) and hori (moats) surrounding the site. There is also a koguchi ("tiger's maw") gate ruin.
|English Name||Shimosaka Yakata|
|Year Founded||Muromachi Period|
|Castle Type||Fortified Manor|
|Castle Condition||No main keep but other buildings|
|Designations||National Historic Site|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Artifacts||Omotemon, Karabori, Dorui, Omoya, Koguchi|
|Features||gates, palace, trenches|
|Access||Tamura Station on the Hokuriku Line; 20 minute walk|
|Visitor Information||9:00-16:00 (last entry 15:30); 300yen. Open only on SATURDAY and SUNDAY. CLOSED IN WINTER.|
|Time Required||120 minutes|
|Location||Nagahama, Shiga Prefecture|
|Coordinates||35° 21' 57.78" N, 136° 17' 4.45" E|
|Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|
|Added to Jcastle||2020|