Yonefukuchousha Yashiki

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History

The Yonefuku Clan ruled Tsukude from the 8th century, predating the Okudaira Clan, and the Yonefukuchōsha-yashiki was their main base, though the timeline is not clear. ‘Chōsha’ refers to a local strong man or wealthy landowner. ‘Yonefuku’ may mean ‘rich in rice’. Tsukude was a peaceful village blessed by abundant rice harvests. The yashiki also contained a saké brewery and a blacksmith, and the Yonefuku Clan is also thought to have been involved in breeding horses. It is said that on festival days the lord of the manor would open up the saké brewery to the peasants so that they could make liberal with the rice wine. He must’ve been a popular lord.

Yamazaki Takamoto defeated the Yonefuku in the late 14th century, clearing the way for Okudaira Sadatoshi to relocate to Tsukude. Descendants of the Yonefuku, perhaps intermarried with the Okudaira, may have helped construct Kawajiri Castle in 1424. The manor hall may have been abandoned at this time as the Okudaira constructed their own residences.


Visit Notes

I was going to ignore this fortified residence site in Tsukude Village, Shinshiro Municipality, but then I saw a map and information about it in the village museum. The explanation mentioned ‘dorui-ato’. Dorui is earthen ramparts but ‘ato’ may mean ‘ruins’, or it may simply mean ‘former of site of’ with nothing to see. I looked at a satellite image, compared it to a diagram showing the yashiki’s layout overlaid on a modern map, and noticed a tuft of green alongside a house. That, I said, was the dorui. I located this dorui and took a picture then. It looks like it could be dorui! So that was nice. There are other traces of the yashiki here and there, but I was running out of time so I checked out just this chunk of dorui.


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Gallery
  • Map of the Yashiki site
  • Dorui
  • Tsukude Folk museum is opposite the yashiki site


Castle Profile
English Name Yonefukuchousha Yashiki
Japanese Name 米福長者屋敷
Founder Yonefuku Clan
Year Founded 8th-14th Century
Castle Type Fortified Manor
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Dorui
Features
Visitor Information
Access Route 301
Visitor Information Private Property
Time Required 20 minutes
Location Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates 34° 58' 43.82" N, 137° 25' 29.21" E
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Admin
Added to Jcastle 2023
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Friends of JCastle
Oshiro Tabi Nikki
Aichi Shiro


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