Habauehori Yashiki

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Habauehori-yashiki was built as the fortified residence of Kuroiwa Jūrōuemon. It was located, along with the Horigane Yakata, the fortified manor house of Horigane Clan, in Horigane village. The Kuroiwa Clan were vassals of the Horigane Clan. Habauehori-yashiki was located in Shimohorigane, the lower village, and Horigane-yakats was locaed in Kamihorigane, the upper village. Both sites show the same design methodology, with the moats curiously being situated behind rather than in front of the earthen ramparts. The graves of the Kuroiwa clansmen remain to this day near Habauehori-yashiki.

Visit Notes

Habauehori-yashiki is a medieval earthworks fortification ruin overlooking a small cliff. The fortified residence was bounded on all sides by dorui (earthen ramparts). Interestingly, the dorui was piled up from “within” the fort, so that there is a karabori (dry moat) behind the dorui. Usually moats are located in front of ramparts, not behind them. The Horigane Yakata has the same unusual feature. Only a few segments of this defensive system remain, and the most significant portion is in the eastern corner, where the dorui and karabori are most evident. The site is now that of a traditional home, though it appears that it may be abandoned. Likely it will fall into ruin, which is a great shame. The home is built in the vernacular Honmune style, so it may possibly not be so different from the home of Jūrōuemon, the original builder of the fort.


Castle Profile
English Name Habauehori Yashiki
Japanese Name 巾上堀屋敷
Alternate Names 巾上の十郎右衛門屋敷
Founder Kuroiwa Jūrōuemon
Year Founded Sengoku Period
Castle Type Fortified Manor
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Artifacts Karabori, Dorui
Features trenches
Visitor Information
Access Toyoshina Station on the Oito Line; 25 minute walk
Visitor Information Private Property
Time Required 15 minutes
Location Azumino, Nagano Prefecture
Coordinates 36° 18' 9.43" N, 137° 53' 2.98" E
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Added to Jcastle 2021
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
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