Ishikawa Jouzan Yashiki

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History

The Ishikawa-yashiki was the medieval residence of the Ishikawa Clan, loyal vassals of the Matsudaira Clan. In 1583, Ishikawa Jōzan, a notable literary figure in the early Edo period, was born at the yashiki. In his youth he served Tokugawa Ieyasu as a brave warrior, and became his personal attendant. At the summer siege of Ôsaka, in order to maintain discipline, Ieyasu forbade the practice of rushing into battle to gain the honour of drawing first blood (called 'senjin' or 'sakigake'). Jōzan was accused of trying to subvert this prohibition and breaking battlefield discipline, and as a result he was discharged and became a rōnin. In the latter half of his life (or, as it turned out, latter two thirds, as he lived to see his ninetieth year) he became a renowned Confucian scholar. His bushi name was Shigeyuki but as a scholar he adopted the name Jōzan.

Ishikawa-yashiki was abandoned in 1590 when Tokugawa Ieyasu and his entire franchise relocated to Kantō, former Hōjō lands, at the behest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The land was subsequently re-developed until no ruins remained. Archaelogical surveys were carried out betwen 1987 and 1993. Although the structure of the residence halls could not be determined, various artifacts - mostly pottery fragments - were unearthed.


Visit Notes

Ishikawa- yashiki, also called Izumi-Ishikawafuru-yashiki and Ishikawa-Jōzan-tei, is a medieval residence site in Izumi Township, Anjō Municipality. The current halls and garden, dating to - I believe - the 1990s or early 2000s, are not a reconstruction or restoration of the medieval residence, but of the Shisendō, a temple in Kyōto founded by Ishikawa Jōzan in 1641. During my visit I struggled to comprehend why exactly a replica of the still standing Shisendō was built here, but it seems that local authorities wanted to commemorate Ishikawa Jōzan somehow and, after failing to uncover enough data about the medieval residence, opted to rebuild something else instead ('mogi yashiki'?). 'Because Ishikawa Jōzan was born here' was the only explanation on offer. Despite the paucity of actual remains of the medieval yashiki, the site nonetheless became a municipal-level designated historical site. The yashiki site now contains the replica Shisendō halls, gardens and ishigaki (stone wall) platforms supporting a bridge.




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Castle Profile
English Name Ishikawa Jouzan Yashiki
Japanese Name 石川丈山屋敷
Alternate Names Izumi-Ishikawafuru-yashiki (和泉石川古屋敷)
Founder Ishikawa Clan
Year Founded Unknown
Castle Type Fortified Manor
Castle Condition No main keep but other buildings
Designations Local Historic Site
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Features palace, trenches, stone walls, walls
Visitor Information
Access Anjō Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line; Ankuru Bus no.3; alite at Izumi-Jōzan'en; 3 minute walk
Visitor Information 9:00-17:00 (closed Mon.)
Time Required 60 minutes
Website https://www.city.anjo.aichi.jp/shisei/shisetsu/kyoikushisetsu/maibun-sites-jozanteishi.html
Location Anjō, Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates 34° 55' 12.94" N, 137° 2' 46.82" E
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Admin
Added to Jcastle 2024
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Friends of JCastle
Jōkaku Hōrōki
Yogo


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