In Kyōto did Hideyoshi a stately pleasure-dome decree! Jurakudai was a fortified palatial compound built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his capacity as Kampaku (Regent) of Japan. Construction of this gilded palace took place between 1586 and 1587. Hideyoshi lived at Jurakudai and entertained his vassals and the capital's court nobles there, including the reigning Emperor, Go-Yōzei (whose own palace was barely the same size as Jurakudai). In 1591 Toyotomi Hidetsugu became Kampaku and took up residence at Jurakudai. The custom of lavish receptions was continued. From 1592, however, Hideyoshi began construction on a new base at Fushimijō. In 1595 Hidetsugu was ordered to commit seppuku by his uncle and Jurakudai was thereafter dismantled with various structures being relocated to Fushimijō, although this castle-palace, Fushimi-Shigetsujō, was then levelled in an earthquake in 1596, Fushimi-Yahatajō being built to replace it on the mount.
There is not much left to see of Jurakudai today apart from a few relocated structures. Principal among these is the Hiunkaku, "Floating Cloud Pavilion", now located at Nishi-Honganji. Hiunkaku is difficult to get a good look at because it isn't open to the public, and so I've provided here a painting of the structure. I visited the former site of Jurakudai's main area, which is marked in a couple of locations by a stone marker, and this I considered a formal visitation, although there were no ruins to see. Then I proceeded on to two relocated gates of Jurakudai. The first was a smaller gate located at Myōkakuji. Functioning as the temple's main gate, it looks like a usual gate we might find at a castle; namely it is a Kōraimon type gate with supporting wings at the rear. Next I visited the Chokushimon (Imperial Envoy Gate) located at Daitokuji. This is a large and ornate Karamon (gabled) type gate with an elegant shingled roof. Other relocated structures exist elsewhere in Kyōto and beyond.
|Castle Condition||No main keep but other buildings|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Artifacts||Relocated Structures (Kouraimon at Myoukakuji, Karamon at Daitokuji, Hiunkaku at Nishi-Honganji, &c.)|
|Features||palace, stone walls|
|Access||Imadegawa Station on the Kyoto Subway; walk 15 minutes|
|Visitor Information||24/7 free|
|Time Required||Four Hours or more|
|Coordinates||35° 1' 29.57" N, 135° 44' 45.20" E|
|Added to Jcastle||2020|
|Admin Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|
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