Kanegasaki Castle was built by Taira no Michimori in the 12th century. It was the site of two battles. The first was in 1337 when the Ashikaga overtook the fortress from the Nitta family who supported Emperor Go-Daigo. Nitta Yoshisada managed to escape however, Nitta Yoshiaki (his son) and Prince Takanaga (son of Go-Daigo) killed themselves here before the castle was overtaken and destroyed. Kanegasaki Shrine (Kanegasaki-gu) was built on the castle grounds to enshrine the prince.
The other battle took place in 1570 when the Asakura Clan attacked Oda Nobunaga when he was attempting to capture Echizen Province. It is said that Oda Nobunaga would have been defeated here if Toyotomi Hideyoshi had not come to his aid.
2023: Updated photos and information by ART.
Kaneǵasakijō is situated on a cape on the eastern side of Tsuruga. It was used to watch over the port and to guard entry into the rest of Echizen Province. The north-facing cliffside is very steep. The topmost part of the castle area is known as the palace area (Tsukimi-goten ('Moon-viewing Palace')), and this is thought to have been the main bailey. There is an ancient burial mound and strange boulders are scattered about. As for castle ruins, the main features of Kaneǵasakijō consist of horikiri (trenches), called Ichinokido, Ninokido, Sannokido (first, second and third gate respectively). If it were not for these trenches it would be difficult to recognise Kaneǵasakijō as a fortfication site. To be fair, Kaneǵasakijō is more famous for its history than its ruins. Beneath Kaneǵasakijō is Kaneǵasakigū, a shrine built in 1890 to commemorate the 1337 Siege of Kaneǵasaki, and to venerate Nitta Yoshiaki and the princes Takanaga and Tsunenaga of the Southern Court who died there. From the Meiji period many new shrines were constructed to promulgate Japan's new national religion, Shintō, and these were often centred around the veneration of historical figures, especially those who embodied martial values like loyalty and self-sacrifice, such as Nitta Yoshiaki.
Also see Teźutsuyamajō, an important branch fort of Kaneǵasakijō: Tezutsuyama Castle
The castle mount was also the site of the Kamomeǵasaki-daiba in the Bakumatsu period: Obama Domain Kamomegasaki Battery
2015: Original profile and photos contributed by Phibbyfan. Within the grounds of Kanegasaki Shrine is a replica of the former castle site and a paper with a little information about the site.
|English Name||Kanegasaki Castle|
|Founder||Taira no Michimori|
|Year Founded||12th Century|
|Castle Condition||Ruins only|
|Designations||National Historic Site|
|Historical Period||Pre Edo Period|
|Access||Tsuruga Sta (JR Hokuriku), bus|
|Visitor Information||Always Open/Free|
|Time Required||20 min|
|Location||Tsuruga, Fukui Prefecture|
|Coordinates||35° 39' 57.67" N, 136° 4' 26.65" E|
|Added to Jcastle||2015|
|Admin Year Visited||Viewer Contributed|