The Matsudaira village is the ancestral home of Tokugawa Ieyasu. The origins of this site are mostly unclear, but the stories say that Sahara (later, Matsudaira) Nobumori built a fortified manor here in the 14th C. It is said that when Ieyasu (Takechiyo) was born the waters for washing and purifying him after birth were carried from the spring at this temple. It is largely believed that this is just a legend and possibly made up by Ieyasu himself.
In 1613, Ieyasu granted Matsudaira Naoyoshi the lands of Matsudaira Village. The stonework seen at the site today likely dates to this time period with a jin'ya or fortified manor.
The fortified manor site is obviously influenced by castle construction of the time with Edo Period stone walls and a small water filled moat. There is even yokoya built into the walls for flanking fire against attackers. The site now houses the Matsudaira Toshogu Shrine. The village is in a really neat location. The mouth of the valley is narrow making entrance difficult if it were defended. At the entrance is a convenient hill with Matsudaira Castle to protect the valley and highway below. In the back of the valley is Kogetsuin, the funerary temple and grave site of Matsudaira Chikauji, the founder of the village and patriarch of the Matsudaira clan. I've included some photos of these sites as well even though they are not strictly castle related. This is a fascinating place to visit for any Tokugawa fan or history fan. The area is filled with other mountaintop castles and several hiking trails around the nearby mountains and hills so it may be a good visit along with a day of hiking too.
|National Historic Site
|water moats, stone walls
|Toyotashi Sta (Meitetsu); 30 mins bus to Matsudairago bus stop
|temple, open 24/7
|15 mins (more for the whole village)
|Toyota, Aichi Prefecture
|35° 3' 2.27" N, 137° 15' 38.84" E
|Added to Jcastle
|Admin Year Visited
|January 14, 2020
|Friends of JCastle
|Shirobito - Matsudairashi Yakata
|Jokaku Horoki - Matsudairashi Yakata