Mountaintop

From Jcastle.info

Mountaintop Castles / 山城

This is a subtype of Castle Type

Mountaintop Castles were the predominant castle type prior to the Edo Period and most common during the Sengoku Period. During the more peaceful times they were often used as a lookout point or relay point for smoke signals and to watch major roads into one's territory. People typically did not live in Sengoku Period mountaintop castles. Logistically they were not well suitable for governing or living so lord's would often have a fortified home in a more reasonable location with one or more nearby mountaintop castles where the lord and his family and retainers could flee to during times of unrest.

The common features of mountaintop castles are trenches and ditches of various types used to impede the movement of attackers and create lines of fire to more easily shoot arrows at the attackers. Mountaintop Castles may have also used some earthen embankments to create barriers around baileys and they would have also carved the mountainsides to make them more steep (kirigishi). Stonework was mostly used to shore up the sides of baileys to create more open spaces and prevent erosion until the castles of the latter Sengoku Period when Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started building mountain castles with much more stonework. Their power struggles mostly focused on central and western so that is where you see the most Sengoku Period mountaintop castle stonework. The Nagano area also has some fascinating stonework at mountaintop castles, that developed independently from the Nobunaga-Hideyoshi influence.

Castles with Mountaintop Castles
  1. Aimiyamamonomi Fort
  2. Akechi Osayama Castle
  3. Akiba Fort (Azumi)
  4. Akiba Fort (Ina)
  5. Akiyoshi Fort
  6. Akozu Castle
  7. Akutagawasan Castle
  8. Amabiki Castle
  9. Amagajo
  10. Amanari Castle
  11. Ametoya Castle
  12. Amidagamine Castle (Yamashiro)
  13. Aoiyama Castle
  14. Aoki Castle (Azumi)
  15. Aoyagi Castle
  16. Aoyama Castle
  17. Aoyama Castle (Nagato)
  18. Ara Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  19. Araihara Castle
  20. Arashi Castle
  21. Arato Castle
  22. Aratoshou Castle
  23. Arayama Castle
  24. Arikoyama Castle
  25. Aruga Castle
  26. Asaba Castle
  27. Asahi Castle (Chikuma)
  28. Asahi Castle (Minochi)
  29. Asahi Castle (Owari)
  30. Asahiyama Castle
  31. Asahiyama Castle (Kai)
  32. Asaka Castle (Chikuma)
  33. Ashigara Castle
  34. Ashigara Teraba Fort
  35. Asou Castle (Mikawa)
  36. Asouko Castle (Mikawa)
  37. Asuke Castle
  38. Atagoyama Noroshidai
  39. Aya Castle
  40. Ayukawa Castle (Koka)
  41. Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  42. Busetsu Castle
  43. Chausudate
  44. Chausuyama Castle (Chikuma)
  45. Chausuyama Castle (Nukata)
  46. Chausuyama Castle (Shinano)
  47. Chifuruya Castle (Sanada)
  48. Chihaya Castle
  49. Chikatou Fort
  50. Chinen Castle
  51. Daikan'yama Fort
  52. Damine Castle
  53. Deura Castle
  54. Do Castle (Mikawa)
  55. Dokanyama
  56. Dokyou Castle
  57. Dousawa Fort
  58. Eboshigata Castle
  59. Echizen Ohno Castle
  60. Egawa Fort
  61. Enryakuji
  62. Enryakuji Amidadou Fort
  63. Enryakuji Higashitani Fort
  64. Enryakuji Joudoin Fort
  65. Enryakuji Kitatani Fort
  66. Enryakuji Monjurou Fort
  67. Enryakuji Nishitani Fort
  68. Enryakuji Shakadou Fort
  69. Fujikawa Castle (Mikawa)
  70. Fukayama Castle (Suruga)
  71. Fukushima Castle (Kiso)
  72. Fukutake Castle (Chikuzen)
  73. Fumimichi Castle
  74. Funaoka Castle
  75. Funaokayama Castle
  76. Funayama Castle
  77. Funayama Castle (Mikawa)
  78. Furujouyama Castle (Hanishina)
  79. Fusou Castle (Mikawa)
  80. Fusumada Castle
  81. Futae Castle (Azumi)
  82. Futamata Castle
  83. Futoge Castle
  84. Futoh'yama Castle
  85. Gakiyama Noroshidai
  86. Ganjaku Castle
  87. Ganryakuji Castle
  88. Gassan Toda Castle
  89. Genbao Castle
  90. Gentairi Castle
  91. Gifu Castle
  92. Gobara Castle
  93. Gokan Castle
  94. Goryu Castle
  95. Gouda Fort
  96. Gujo Hachiman Castle
  97. Hachikenchōja Castle
  98. Hachiman'yama Castle (Tanba)
  99. Hachioji Castle
  100. Hadanashi Castle
  101. Hadanashiyama Castle
  102. Haga Castle
  103. Hagikura Fort
  104. Haibara Castle
  105. Haiyama Castle
  106. Hakota Castle (Kozuke)
  107. Hakoyama Castle (Takai)
  108. Hakusan Castle
  109. Hakusan Castle (Harima)
  110. Hamada Castle
  111. Hanagoya Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  112. Hanaoka Castle (Azumi)
  113. Hanaoka Castle (Saku)
  114. Hanasaki Castle (Tsuru)
  115. Hanazono Castle
  116. Hanazono Mitake Castle
  117. Haneo Castle
  118. Haruyamako Castle
  119. Haruyamaoh Castle
  120. Hasedo Castle
  121. Hatayama Castle
  122. Hatsuzawa Castle
  123. Hayaotoshi Castle
  124. Hayashikojo Castle
  125. Hayashiohjo Castle
  126. Hieinoyama Fort
  127. Higashijou Castle (Chikuma)
  128. Hijika Castle
  129. Hijiyama Castle (Iga)
  130. Hikaru Castle
  131. Hiki Castle
  132. Hikida Castle
  133. Hime Castle (Chikuma)
  134. Hime Castle (Hanishina)
  135. Himega Castle (Mikawa)
  136. Hinohara Castle
  137. Hirai Kanayama Castle
  138. Hirakura Castle
  139. Hirase Castle
  140. Hirase Kitano Castle
  141. Hirase Noroshidai
  142. Hirose Castle (Hida)
  143. Hisawa Castle
  144. Hishakuyama Castle
  145. Hitomoshi Castle (Saku)
  146. Hitomoshiyama Fort (Suwa)
  147. Hiyama Castle
  148. Hokkyu Castle
  149. Hoshigasaki Castle
  150. Hoshina Maenoyama Fort
  151. Hosokawagonsui Castle
  152. Hosokawashiroyama Castle
  153. Houshouji Fort
  154. Hyakusaiji Castle
  155. Ibarayama Castle
  156. Ibayama Castle
  157. Ibikitagata Castle
  158. Ibuka Castle
  159. Ichigousan Castle
  160. Ichijodani Castle
  161. Ichijodani Kojo Castle
  162. Ichijodaniyama Castle
  163. Ichijojiyama Castle
  164. Ichinodaira Castle (Ina)
  165. Ichinomiya Castle
  166. Iida Castle (Azumi)
  167. Iimori Castle
  168. Iimori Castle (Azumi)
  169. Iinawa Castle
  170. Iinoya Castle
  171. Iizuna Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  172. Ikeda Castle (Mino)
  173. Ima Castle (Mino)
  174. Imori Castle (Suwa)
  175. Inaniwa Castle
  176. Inariyama Castle (Saku)
  177. Inoue Castle
  178. Inukai Castle
  179. Ioto Castle
  180. Iouji Fort
  181. Ioyama Castle
  182. Iroganeyama Fort
  183. Isezaki Castle (Sanada)
  184. Ishibayama Castle (Omi)
  185. Ishigakiyama Ichiya Castle
  186. Ishimura Castle
  187. Isobe Castle
  188. Isshiki Castle (Chita)
  189. Itagakiyama Noroshidai
  190. Iwabitsu Castle
  191. Iwadono Castle
  192. Iwahara Castle (Azumi)
  193. Iwakiri Castle
  194. Iwakuni Castle
  195. Iwakura Castle
  196. Iwamura Castle
  197. Iwasaki Castle (Hanishina)
  198. Iwaseyama Castle
  199. Iwaya Castle
  200. Iwazu Castle
  201. Izaki Castle
  202. Jikouin Fort
  203. Jinbagahara Castle
  204. Jinnoya Castle (Mikawa)
  205. Jofukuji Castle
  206. Jouhikage Fort
  207. Joumineyama Castle
  208. Juuouzan Fort
  209. Kaesa Castle
  210. Kagamiyama Fort
  211. Kagikakemonomi Fort
  212. Kaize Castle (Saku)
  213. Kake Castle (Nukata)
  214. Kakegawako Castle
  215. Kakiage Castle (Chikuma)
  216. Kakizaki Castle
  217. Kakunodate Castle
  218. Kamagatake Castle
  219. Kamaha Castle
  220. Kamei Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  221. Kameyama Castle (Kii)
  222. Kami Castle (Suwa)
  223. Kamigishimoto Castle (Omi)
  224. Kamitohno Castle
  225. Kamogatake Castle
  226. Kamomegasaki Battery (Obama Domain)
  227. Kanaiyama Castle
  228. Kanao Yogaisan Castle
  229. Kanayama Castle
  230. Kanayama Castle (Echigo)
  231. Kanbara Castle
  232. Kanegasaki Castle
  233. Kaneyama Castle (Mino)
  234. Kaneyama Castle (Mutsu)
  235. Kanmuriyama Castle (Bitchu)
  236. Kannonji Castle
  237. Karakai Castle
  238. Karasaki Castle
  239. Karasawayama Castle
  240. Karasuyama Castle
  241. Karatoriya Castle
  242. Karidako Castle
  243. Karidaoh Castle
  244. Kariyahara Castle
  245. Kasama Castle
  246. Kasane Castle
  247. Kaseyama Castle
  248. Kashiwayama Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  249. Kasugayama Castle
  250. Kasumi Castle
  251. Katsumata Castle
  252. Katsunuma Castle
  253. Katsurao Castle (Hanishina)
  254. Katsurayama Castle
  255. Katsuren Castle
  256. Katsuyama Castle (Echigo)
  257. Katsuyama Castle (Nagato)
  258. Katsuyama Castle (Tsuru)
  259. Kattori Castle (Chikuma)
  260. Kawajiri Castle
  261. Kawamura Castle
  262. Kawanoe Castle
  263. Kazurayama Castle
  264. Keirozan Castle
  265. Kemi Castle (Chiisagata)
  266. Kemi Castle (Chikuma)
  267. Kemurino Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  268. Kibune Castle
  269. Kikuchi Castle
  270. Kinojo
  271. Kirarazaka Castle
  272. Kiridouzan Noroshidai
  273. Kirihara Castle
  274. Kissatsu Castle
  275. Kita Tsuda Castle
  276. Kita Wakamiko Castle
  277. Kitanosho Castle (Omi)
  278. Kitasudayama Castle (Omi)
  279. Kobushi Castle (Tsuru)
  280. Kogane Castle (Mikawa)
  281. Koiwatake Castle
  282. Kojima Castle (Hida)
  283. Kokururi Castle
  284. Kokuzousan Castle (Aida)
  285. Kokuzousan Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  286. Kokuzousan Noroshidai
  287. Kokuzousanminami Fort (Aida)
  288. Kokuzousannanseioneno Castle (Aida)
  289. Kokuzousannishi Fort (Aida)
  290. Komaki Castle
  291. Komaki Castle (Chiisagata)
  292. Komakijou Ohte Fort
  293. Komakikamino Castle (Chiisagata)
  294. Komaruyama Castle (Kiso)
  295. Komaruyama Fort (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  296. Komasawa Castle
  297. Komatsu Castle (Sagami)
  298. Komatsuyama Noroshidai
  299. Komihanachi Castle
  300. Konishi Castle (Ina)
  301. Konosumiyama Castle
  302. Koori Nishiyama Castle
  303. Koraku Castle
  304. Korin Castle (Ina)
  305. Koriyama Castle (Hiroshima)
  306. Kosema Castle
  307. Koshibami Castle
  308. Koshigoe Castle
  309. Koshikou Castle (Chikuma)
  310. Kosuge Castle
  311. Koujin'o Castle
  312. Koujin'yama Castle (Ina)
  313. Koujin'yama Noroshidai
  314. Kounomine Castle
  315. Kouyama Castle (Bingo)
  316. Kouyama Castle (Nagato)
  317. Koya Castle
  318. Koya Castle (Chikuma)
  319. Koyaba Castle
  320. Kozutsumi Castle
  321. Kubo Castle (Mikawa)
  322. Kubodera Castle
  323. Kuboe Castle (Omi)
  324. Kuboyashikishi Castle (Koka)
  325. Kukuri Castle
  326. Kuma Castle
  327. Kuniyoshi Castle
  328. Kunou Castle
  329. Kurahone Castle
  330. Kurobane Castle
  331. Kuroi Castle
  332. Kurokawashi Castle (Koka)
  333. Kuruma Castle
  334. Kuruma Castle (Hanishina)
  335. Kurumayama Castle (Hanishina)
  336. Kururi Castle
  337. Kuwabara Castle
  338. Kuwagatahara Noroshidai
  339. Magome Castle
  340. Manago Castle
  341. Mariko Castle
  342. Marikoyama Fort
  343. Marune Fort
  344. Maruyama Fort (Ina)
  345. Maruyama Noroshidai (Suwa)
  346. Maruyama Noutou Castle
  347. Masugata Castle (Minochi)
  348. Masugata Castle (Musashi)
  349. Masugata Castle (Takai)
  350. Masugatayama Castle
  351. Matsudai Castle (Echigo)
  352. Matsudaira Castle
  353. Matsugasaki Castle (Yamashiro)
  354. Matsuida Castle
  355. Matsukura Castle
  356. Matsuo Castle
  357. Matsuoyama Castle
  358. Matsuyama Castle (Gunma)
  359. Meiseireijin Fort
  360. Michibayashi Fort
  361. Michikusa Fort
  362. Miharu Castle
  363. Mikka Castle (Minochi)
  364. Mikkaichiba Castle
  365. Mikumo Castle (Koka)
  366. Minagawa Castle
  367. Minakuchi Okayama Castle
  368. Minami Majino Castle
  369. Minami Tsuda Castle
  370. Minami Wakamiko Castle
  371. Minegadou Castle
  372. Misaka Castle
  373. Misayama Castle
  374. Mitake Castle (Kai)
  375. Miyahara Castle
  376. Miyaishi Castle
  377. Miyanoue Castle (Saku)
  378. Mizuban Castle
  379. Mochikoshi Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  380. Mochizuki Castle (Koka)
  381. Mochizuki Castle (Saku)
  382. Mochizukishi Castle (Koka)
  383. Moji Castle
  384. Monjuyama Castle
  385. Monomi Castle (Murakami Clan Fort Network)
  386. Moriyama Castle
  387. Moriyama Castle (Izu)
  388. Motai Castle (Hanishina)
  389. Moto Castle (Chikuma)
  390. Motodoriyama Castle
  391. Motodoriyamako Castle
  392. Motosu Castle
  393. Motoyama Castle (Chikuma)
  394. Mukaihaguroyama Castle
  395. Mumo Castle
  396. Myodaiji Castle
  397. Myogi Castle
  398. Myogiyama Noroshidai
  399. Nabekura Castle
  400. Nabeyamajou Fort
  401. Naegi Castle
  402. Nagabayashi Fort
  403. Nagaikeyama Fort
  404. Nagakubo Castle
  405. Nagamine Fort
  406. Nagasawa Daikakuji Castle
  407. Nagaune Fort
  408. Nagayama Castle (Ina)
  409. Nagayama Castle (Suo)
  410. Nagurumi Castle
  411. Nakaara Castle
  412. Nakagusuku Castle
  413. Nakahokkyu Castle
  414. Nakajima Castle (Azumi)
  415. Nakajouikenotaira Fort
  416. Nakamura Castle (Azumi)
  417. Nakano Castle (Chiisagata)
  418. Nakano Castle (Kai)
  419. Nakanojin Castle
  420. Nakao Castle (Chiisagata)
  421. Nakao Castle (Yamashiro)
  422. Nakatou Castle
  423. Nakayama Fort
  424. Nakayama Fort (Mikawa)
  425. Nakayamaniyama Fort
  426. Nakijin Castle
  427. Nanao Castle
  428. Narisawa Castle
  429. Narisawa Noroshidai
  430. Narukami Castle (Chikuma)
  431. Nata Castle
  432. Natsumichi Fort
  433. Nechi Castle
  434. Nechi Kamijouyama Castle
  435. Negoya Castle
  436. Negoya Castle (Sanada)
  437. Nemoto Castle
  438. Nezumiana Castle
  439. Nihonmatsu Castle
  440. Niitakayama Castle
  441. Niiya Castle (Kouzuke)
  442. Nijo Castle (Tochigi)
  443. Nirayama Castle
  444. Nishi Aoki Castle
  445. Nishijou Castle
  446. Nishijou Castle (Chikuma)
  447. Nishikata Castle
  448. Nishimaki Castle (Azumi)
  449. Nishiyama Castle (Azumi)
  450. Nishiyama Castle (Chiisagata)
  451. Nochiseyama Castle
  452. Nomura Fort
  453. Norisada Castle
  454. Norisada Kobata Castle
  455. Nosezakanishi Castle
  456. Nouken Kurokoma Fort
  457. Nozaki Castle
  458. Numata Castle
  459. Nyoigatake Castle
  460. Nyunomi Castle
  461. Obama Castle (Mutsu)
  462. Obaraichiba Castle
  463. Obiki Castle
  464. Odani Castle
  465. Odano Castle (Kai)
  466. Odayama Castle (Aizu)
  467. Odoriba Fort
  468. Ogawa Castle (Koka)
  469. Ogawa Nakanojo Castle (Koka)
  470. Ogawa Nishinojo Castle (Koka)
  471. Ogimachi Castle
  472. Ogiwara Castle (Azumi)
  473. Ogoe Castle
  474. Ogura Castle
  475. Ogura Castle (Azumi)
  476. Ogyu Castle
  477. Oh'eda Castle
  478. Oh'ikemurayama Castle
  479. Ohdairashin Castle (Izu)
  480. Ohdate
  481. Ohfuji Castle
  482. Ohga Castle
  483. Ohkawarashi Castle (Koka)
  484. Ohmatsuyama Castle
  485. Ohmine Castle
  486. Ohmori Castle
  487. Ohnoda Castle (Azumi)
  488. Ohsaki Castle
  489. Ohsakide Castle
  490. Ohshio Castle (Azumi)
  491. Ohyama Dejiro
  492. Oishi Castle (Bitchu)
  493. Oka Castle
  494. Okayama Jinjiro
  495. Oko Castle
  496. Omi Castle
  497. Omifuru Castle
  498. Oniba Castle
  499. Onjouyama Fort
  500. Ono Castle
... further results
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