Nishikawa Yashiki (Kai)
Nishikawa-yashiki was the fortified residence of the Nishikawa Clan who were the vassals of Nikaidō Sadafuji, a local warlord, during the Kamakura period. In the Edo period the Nishikawa patriarch became a shōya (village headman). Shōya straddled the caste division between peasant and samurai, generally being wealthy farmers whilst also taking on the mantle of samurai. Shōya liased between samurai and locals, as well as hosting samurai and even daimyō in their residence. The interior of the Nishikawa-yashiki omoya is much more lavish than surrounding farmsteads would've been, showing the importance placed on entertaining guests, and the relatively high status of the shōya. The architecture of the current Nishikawa residence, which dates to the middle Edo period, indicates that the Nishikawa also engaged in sericulture. The Nishikawa family still live in the house to this day.
Nishikawa-yashiki is a medieval residence site with an old omoya (main residence hall). The omoya dates to the mid' Edo period; its original kayabuki (thatched roof) is now covered with protective copper sheeting. It is built in a vernacular form called Kōshū-style. Storehouses and a gate also remain. Though an important cultural property, it is not open to the public.
|Kai Nishikawa Yashiki
|Kamakura Period; Edo Period
|No main keep but other buildings
|has Important Cultural Properties
|Pre Edo Period
|Omoya, Gate, Kura
|Nearest station is Enzan Station on the Chūō Main Line
|Yamanashi, Yamanashi Prefecture
|35° 44' 37.64" N, 138° 42' 58.61" E
|Added to Jcastle
|Admin Year Visited
|Friends of JCastle