Urabe Castle (Mikawa)

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MikawaUrabejou (1).JPG


Urabejō was the fortified residence of the Watanabe Clan, constructed by Watanabe Michitsuna. Watanabe Clan lords Noritsuna, Ujitsuna, Takatsuna, Moritsuna, Shigetsuna and Harutsuna, lorded over several townships in the Urabe area (Urabe was made into a county level municipality in the Meiji period and merged into Okazaki Municipality in 1906). Takatsuna and Moritsuna joined the Ikkō-Ikki rebellion of 1563 and Takatsuna was killed by Tokugawa Ieyasu; his son Moritsuna, then aged about 22, was forgiven. Moritsuna fought at all major battles for the Matsudaira thereafter, including at Mikatagara in 1572, at Nagashino in 1575, and at Komaki-Nagakute in 1585. In 1590, Tokugawa was transferred to Edo by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Urabejō was decommissioned. At the onset of the Edo period, the Watanabe Clan served the Owari-Tokugawa as retainers, serving at Nagoyajō under Tokugawa Naoyoshi. Watanabe Moritsuna, for his long years of loyal service (that mishap in his youth forgiven), was made the lord of Terabe-jin'ya, governing a fief worth 14,000 koku. He advised Tokugawa Naoyoshi at the siege of Ôsakajō, and died in 1620, aged around 78.

(Watanabe Moritsuna was one of the sixteen esteemed generals of Tokugawa Ieyasu, and used the moniker 'Hanzō', and became known as Yari no Hanzō, alongside Oni no Hanzō, popularly called Hattori Hanzō.)

Visit Notes

Urabejō is a fortified residence site in the Kunimasa Township of Okazaki Municipality (formerly of Urabe Village). The site today is rice paddies and rural homesteads, but the shape of the castle can be made out from the northwest; the modern residence sits on a square, elevated portion of land surrounded by paddies which look very much like the descendents of a moat. This part of the fort's footprint can be clearly seen on overhead imagery.

  • Residence elevated and surrounded by moat-like paddies

Castle Profile
English Name Urabe Castle (Mikawa)
Japanese Name 三河占部城
Founder Watanabe Michitsuna
Year Founded Sengoku Period
Castle Type Fortified Manor
Castle Condition Ruins only
Historical Period Pre Edo Period
Visitor Information
Access Nearest station is Aimi Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line
Visitor Information 24/7 free; fields
Time Required 15 minutes
Location Okazaki, Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates 34° 54' 6.44" N, 137° 8' 20.72" E
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Added to Jcastle 2023
Contributor ART
Admin Year Visited Viewer Contributed
Friends of JCastle
Jōkaku Shashin Kiroku
Umoreta Kojō
Aichi Shiro

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